The process of creating a government and allocating particular seats in the provincial assemblies has begun with the official announcement of the majority of the results from the general elections held on February 8.


The process for forming a government and allocating reserved seats to winning political parties has also been laid forth by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP).

According to the described process, political parties that achieve success in the provincial assembly will be granted reserved seats for women and minorities.

The Punjab Assembly has 371 seats in total, divided into 297 general seats, 66 seats designated for women, and 8 seats designated for minorities. 186 seats are needed in Punjab to establish a government.

A party will receive one reserved seat for every nine general seats in the Punjab Assembly, or one seat for women at a rate of 4.5%. A minority member of a party will receive one seat at a rate of 37.12%.

As per the existing party positions in Punjab, the PML-N is allotted thirty seats out of the sixty-six seats reserved for women, followed by the PPP and the PML-Q with two seats apiece. The remaining thirty-six seats would be given to the party that independent candidates join.

The Sindh Assembly has 168 total seats, of which 130 are general seats. The ability to form a government will be granted to a political party that wins 85 seats.

Nine seats will be set aside for minorities and 29 seats for women out of the 130 general seats in the Sindh Assembly. One seat shall be allotted for women at a rate of 4.48% and one seat for a minority group at a rate of 14.44%, in accordance with the stipulated ratio for the distribution of reserved seats.

Six seats are designated for the MQM, three seats are subject to independent candidates, and the PPP is expected to win 19 of the 29 seats in the Sindh Assembly that are set aside for women. This distribution of reserved seats is based on the predetermined proportion.

Out of the 145 seats in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) Assembly, 115 are general seats. A political party can form its government by gaining 73 seats.

One minority seat will be allotted for every 29 general seats in the K-P Assembly, with one reserved seat going to women based on a ratio of 4.42%.

Of the 26 reserved seats in the K-P Assembly, 21 are subject to the admission of independent candidates in political parties. The PML-N and the PPP both get one seat, while the JUI-F is given two. One seat is shared by the PTI-Parliamentarians and Jamaat-e-Islami.

The Balochistan Assembly has 65 seats in total, and any political party can easily form the government by winning 33 of them. There will be three seats designated for members of minority groups and eleven seats reserved for women out of the 51 general seats in the Balochistan Assembly.

Every political party in the Balochistan Assembly will receive one minority seat for every 17 general seats as well as one seat for women at a rate of 4.63%.

The JUI-F will get three seats, the PPP and PML-N will get two seats each for women, and the remaining three seats will be divided among other parties and one seat for an independent candidate who joins any political party, per the present party positions.